Soft Loans – Meaning And All You Need To Know |
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Soft Loans – Meaning and all you need to know

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In the finance world, there are different types of loans. Understanding each of them gives you the opportunity to choose the option that best suits your needs. In this article, we will discuss what soft loans in Nigeria are and where to get them.

In Nigeria, the concept of soft loans is becoming increasingly popular among individuals and small business owners. Soft loans are a form of loan that are granted at a lower interest rate and usually have more relaxed terms and conditions compared to traditional loans.

Soft loans are typically offered by government agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and private institutions with a social impact focus. The aim of these loans is to provide financial support to individuals and small businesses that may not have access to traditional loans due to their credit score or lack of collateral.

The advantage of soft loans is that they are more accessible and affordable for borrowers. The interest rates are lower, and the repayment terms are typically more flexible, making it easier for the borrower to pay back the loan. Soft loans also come with additional benefits such as mentorship, training, and business support services that can help the borrower to grow their business.

There are several options for obtaining soft loans in Nigeria. The government of Nigeria has several programs in place that provide soft loans to entrepreneurs and small business owners. One of such programs is the Central Bank of Nigeria’s Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises Development Fund, which provides soft loans to eligible businesses at a low-interest rate.

NGOs such as the Tony Elumelu Foundation and the Bank of Industry also offer soft loans to entrepreneurs and small business owners. The Tony Elumelu Foundation’s Entrepreneurship Programme provides seed capital and business training to African entrepreneurs, while the Bank of Industry offers soft loans to businesses in various sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, and healthcare.

Private institutions such as microfinance banks and peer-to-peer lending platforms also offer soft loans to individuals and small business owners. These institutions are regulated by the Central Bank of Nigeria and offer loans at affordable rates with flexible repayment terms.

In conclusion, soft loans in Nigeria are a viable option for individuals and small business owners who are looking for affordable and accessible financing. With the various options available, borrowers can choose the best option that suits their needs and helps them to achieve their financial goals.

Therefore, if you are on this page to learn about soft loans, then you are in the right place. We will discuss explicitly what soft loans are, how they work, the pros and cons, and every other important thing you must know that relates to the subject.

Soft Loans – Meaning and all you need to know 14

What are soft loans?

Soft loans are basically loans that are without any form of interest. In some cases, they might be the below-market rate of interest. They are also known as soft financing or concessional fundingand they have extended grace periods. In addition to this, they also offer a longer amortization schedule, which can be up to 50 years than what conventional banks offer.

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How do soft loans work?

Basically, soft loans are offered as a means to support countries that are not doing well financially, in most cases, these are the developing countries of the world. Asides from this, it is also a means of building economic and political ties between countries. This happens when the borrowing nation has resources or material the lender is interested in. For example, in the year 2004, the Chinese government gave Angola a soft loan for which they received oil exploration opportunities in the country.

Soft loans have much easier and flexible terms, but they are not provided by private organizations. Government agencies primarily provided them.

What are the pros and cons of soft loans?

Soft loans asides from being a platform where the lender can establish broader policies and diplomacies with the lender, it is also an opportunity to offer favorable business opportunities. For example, in the year 2015, China borrowed Ethiopia a sum of $10.7 Billion in Loans.

This opened up business opportunities for the Chinese government as they built a railway and industrial park in Ethiopia. The funding of this project was by the Chinese government and many of the firms that moved into the industrial park were Chinese. In fact, these companies received a considerable tax break on their income and imports by the Chinese government.


  • The tenor of soft loans is sort of long. This means that it might take a long while before the borrower can fully repay the lender. In fact, this means that the lender is tied to the borrower for an extended number of years. However, this extension can also be a means of dialogue for other purposes.
  • There is also a great possibility that the lender can have issues with repayment. In fact, instead of repaying because of the generous terms of soft loans, lenders might be tempted to borrow more.


It is important to note that soft loans are not issued by private organizations, rather they are primarily provided by government agencies. You should learn more about private loan lenders here. In some cases, rich nations of the world give soft loans to countries in need as a means of opening business opportunities and political ties in their nation.

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